Conditions and Treatments

Treatment of your diabetes depends on the type and severity of your condition. Whether you are diagnosed with Type 1, Type 2, gestational diabetes or prediabetes, New Hanover Regional Medical Center's diabetes care team will provide services to meet your individual needs.

Type 1

Children and young adults with Type 1 diabetes and their families may find it difficult to adjust to their diagnosis. NHRMC can help families make the lifestyle changes necessary while allowing their kids to be kids.

If your child requires hospitalization, his/her care team may include pediatricians, pediatric hospitalists, pediatric nurses, pediatric endocrinologists, pediatric intensivists, certified diabetes educators, registered dietitians and child life specialists.

Nunnelee Pediatric Specialty Clinics

For ongoing care and treatment of pediatric diabetes, a full-time pediatric endocrinologist sees patients through the NHRMC Nunnelee Pediatric Specialty. Treatment may also include:

  • Medication management
  • Certified diabetes education
  • Blood sugar monitoring
  • Insulin therapy
  • Assistance with choosing and setting up insulin pumps
  • Nutritional counseling

Type 2

In Type 2 diabetes, your body makes insulin however, your cells are not able to use it as effectively as possible. This is known as insulin resistance. Because of this the sugar builds up in your bloodstream.

Although there is no known reason for this insulin resistance, a combination of risk factors can make you more susceptible to Type 2 diabetes. These can include genetics, being overweight, smoking or being inactive.

Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes

The treatment for Type 2 diabetes includes diet and exercise to help ensure a healthy weight. In addition, careful monitoring of blood sugar is important to ensure your indicators are within normal ranges. Some people with Type 2 diabetes may be prescribed insulin or other oral medications.

Gestational Diabetes

If you are pregnant and diagnosed with gestational diabetes, your doctor will watch you closely to make sure you and your baby stay healthy. Your OB/GYN might refer you to a maternal-fetal specialist for extra monitoring throughout your pregnancy.

If your condition requires hospitalization before delivery, you may be cared for in the NHRMC Betty H. Cameron Women's & Children's Hospital. The team of maternal-fetal specialists and neonatologists in the Antepartum Unit will keep a close eye on you and your baby to help prevent complications.


Many people are diagnosed with prediabetes, meaning their blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet considered diabetes. The good news is it is possible to reverse this condition.

The main treatment for prediabetes involves lifestyle changes and managing other conditions that may contribute to developing diabetes. Talk to your primary care physician about putting together a plan to eat healthy, to incorporate daily exercise and to reduce risky behaviors such as smoking.