Female Infertility

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To schedule a consultation with one of our board-certified physicians, please call (910) 763-9833.

A regional leader in all aspects of gynecology and obstetrics, we provide expert diagnosis, consultation, and treatment of female infertility. Our team has decades of experience and training and is especially sensitive to the emotional nature of this medical problem. Schedule a consultation with one of our board-certified physicians when you’re ready for medical assistance for this concern.

Causes of Infertility

Female infertility may result from various issues in the uterus and/or ovaries, or from other medical and lifestyle factors. Sometimes infertility occurs because a fertilized egg or embryo does not attach to the lining of the uterus, or it attaches but does not survive. In some instances, the ovaries may not be able to produce eggs at all, or the eggs produced are not able to move from the ovaries to the uterus.

Other issues that may cause or contribute to female infertility include:

  • Older age (fertility drops at age 35 and again after 40)
  • Conditions such as autoimmune disorders, clotting disorders, thyroid disease, endometriosis, pelvic infection, abnormal hormone levels
  • Obesity, excessive exercising, or poor nutrition
  • Cancer, tumor, or polyp growth in the uterus and/or cervix
  • Certain medications, including chemotherapy drugs
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

Infertility Tests & Treatments

Infertility testing in women may include:

  • Blood tests to check hormone levels, including progesterone and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Checking morning body temperature to determine if ovaries are releasing eggs
  • Hysterosalpingogram, an X-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes
  • Pelvic ultrasound
  • Laparoscopy, an inspection of pelvic region
  • Ovulation test
  • Thyroid function tests

Depending on the cause of infertility, treatment options may include:

  • Education and counseling
  • Fertility treatments, such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Medication therapy to treat infections and clotting disorders as well as to help women grow and release eggs from the ovaries