In arthrography, a series of X-rays is taken with the joint in various positions after contrast dye is placed in the joint. Find out more about this procedure and what you should do if your doctor orders this test.
Detailed information on arthroplasty, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and an anatomical illustration of the anatomy of the knee, hip, and types of joints.
Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.
A bone biopsy is a procedure in which bone samples are removed with a special biopsy needle or during surgery to determine if cancer or other abnormal cells are present.
Bone densitometry is used primarily to diagnose osteoporosis and to determine fracture risk. The testing procedure measures the bone density of the bones of the spine, pelvis, lower arm, and thigh.
A biopsy is a procedure performed to remove tissue or cells from the body for examination under a microscope.
A bunion is an enlargement of the bone or tissue around a joint at the base of the big toe or at the base of the little toe. The goal of surgery is to relieve pain and correct as much deformity as possible.
Hip replacement is a surgical procedure to replace a damaged hip with an artificial joint. This surgery may be considered for someone with a hip fracture or severe arthritis.
Joint aspiration is usually performed under a local anesthetic to either relieve swelling or to obtain fluid for analysis to diagnose a joint disorder and/or problem.
Surgery to correct a torn knee ligament involves replacing the ligament with a piece of healthy tendon. A tendon from the kneecap or hamstring, for example, is grafted into place to hold the knee joint together.
Detailed information on knee replacement surgery, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and an anatomical illustration of the anatomy of the knee
Laminectomy is a type of surgery in which a physician removes part or all of the vertebral bone to relieve compression of the spinal cord or the nerve roots that may be caused by injury, herniated disk, spinal stenosis, or tumors. A laminectomy is considered only after medical treatments have proven to be ineffective.
In orthopedics, an MRI may be used to examine bones, joints, and soft tissues such as cartilage, muscles, and tendons for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, such as tumors, inflammatory disease, or muscle fatigue. MRI may be used to assess the results of corrective procedures.
MRI may be used to examine the brain and/or spinal cord for injuries or the presence of structural abnormalities or certain other conditions, including tumors or aneurysms.
In a muscle biopsy, tissue and cells from muscle are removed and viewed microscopically. The procedure is used to diagnose diseases involving muscle tissue.
If the rotator cuff is injured, it may need to be repaired surgically. This may include shaving off bone spurs that are pinching the shoulder, or repairing torn tendons or muscles.
An X-ray of the spine, neck, or back can help diagnose a range of problems, from back or neck pain to abnormalities in the alignment of the spine, such as kyphosis or scoliosis.